عنوان مقاله [English]
In the Architecture of Temperaments it is said that psychosomatic conditions of humans affect their tendencies towards environmental factors. Therefore, temperamental categorization of users according to traditional medicine can affect their preferences towards architectural elements. Based on this fact, the conformity of architectural preferences with the temperaments of the users is something worthy of note in the architect’s mind. Therefore, the main goal of this study is to provide an explanation of the relationship between different temperaments and the intensity of preferring architectural elements in traditional architecture. Based on its goal, this study follows the method of applied-developmental studies, and based on its nature it is performed using the explanatory-analytical methodology. Questionnaires were used to collect data which then was fed into SPSS for analysis. The findings of this study reveal that different temperaments show different intensities of preference when faced with a traditional building. In particular, the more the hot and dry elements are added to the person’s temperament, the more the intensity of the reaction is visible. Moreover, the statistical tests show the p-value to be less than 0.01% with a 99% confidence level. This confirms the first hypothesis which predicts the effect of difference in temperament on the architectural elements of traditional architecture. The result of Tukey HSD test also shows that the phlegmatic temperament is the first group with an average of 74.46 and other temperaments (choleric, melancholic and sanguine) take the next places respectively.