نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 کارشناسی ارشد معماری، دانشکده هنر و معماری، دانشگاه یزد، یزد، ایران
2 استادیار دانشکده هنر و معماری، دانشگاه یزد، یزد، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
"Yazd" is well known as city of "Baud -Geers" (Wind catcher or wind towers). Baud “ Geers have become part of the identity of "Yazd", an exemplar of a desert city in coping with natural forces for many centuries. During the past decades, the living patterns of the traditional people have changed. People have been leaving the old city fabric to move to newly developed sections and the families that have chosen to live in the traditional houses , have mostly been forced or chosen to follow the modern ways of living to have a more comfortable environment. Traditional ways of living in traditional courtyard house has not fulfilled the need of today's families and summer section of the houses has not been used or has been used differently than before. Relatively cheap and mechanically logical water coolers have replaced the use of the Baud “ Geers, so, these magnificent elements of traditional Iranian architecture are exposed to wear and probable destruction. There are many different types of the ways that"Baud-Geers"
function and relate to the summer side of the traditional houses and understanding different typologies of the "Baud-Geers" will help the ways to preserve them.
This paper presents the results of the study on Yazd traditional "Baud-Geers" to understand different typologies and how they function as a passive cooling element during hot and dry months of the year. The results of the study showed at least three different types that "Baud-Geer" relates to its surrounding spaces. In order to bring back the Baud-Geers" back to life and make them work again; different strategies are given to
make the summer side of the traditional houses become functional again. After explaining the design, construction and climatic characteristics of the case studies, the selected design strategies and their components will be presented and finally some guides for action will conclude the paper